The fall of Queen Cleopatra and ancient Egypt.


Queen Cleopatra was now fully married to Mark Antony, the greatest Roman General after Julius Caesar to whom he was second in command.

The marriage agreement did not make Antony king of Egypt but granted him the support of its vast wealth and army for his next big military adventures.

The Most Wicked Women of The Old World...Season 1 ..Episode 6


Queen Cleopatra was now fully married to Mark Antony, the greatest Roman General after Julius Caesar to whom he was second in command.



The marriage agreement did not make Antony king of Egypt but granted him the support of its vast wealth and army for his next big military adventures.

Antony’s next adventure took the colossal scale of the exploits of Alexander the Great. He turned his attention to Asia and the people obstructing the expansion of Roman empire into that region at the time – the Parthians.

With his queen at his side, Antony marched into Asia Minor with his Roman and Egyptian legions. His aim was to overwhelm the difficult Parthians and push on to India, just like Alexander the Great did.

That Cleopatra marched into Asia Minor with her new husband was clear evidence of her encouragement but the soon found herself pregnant again and was forced to return to Alexandria where she had Antony’s second son. It is interesting to note that she named the boy Ptolemy Philadelphus in honor of her own dynasty and not that of Antony or Rome.

Without the emotional support of his queen, Antony flopped in a huge way. The Parthians were too much for him and his legions fell back rapidly with heavy losses. He was all for trying again but got an alarm signal from Cleopatra: Rome was in fury at his Parthian attempt and he had been denounced as an enemy of the people. Caesar’s chosen heir, Octavia was set to challenge Antony in the round two of the civil war and it was clear to Cleopatra that they would need all their forces to defend themselves against the threat.

Cleopatra bled her empire white as she prepared for war. She raised a fleet of over 200 ships, mobilized a vast army and laid in huge stocks of food.

Cleopatra and Antony wholly believed that they could crush Octavia and his legions then march on unopposed to Rome. So arrogant and confident were they in their own abilities that many historians believe that they felt themselves to be gods – something that was quite possible at time man worshiped their royal rulers as immortals.

Wars of the ancient could take a lot of time to ignite due to slow mobilization and the vast distances to be covered to the battlefield. The war was months away and in the meantime, Antony and Cleopatra built their reputation as gods: they encouraged painters and sculptors to portray them as Osiris and Isis, the all-powerful gods of Egypt. They paid regal visits to Greece and Asia, it got to the point where Antony realized that a god could never have married a mortal and so renounced his marriage to Octavia, and thus insulting Rome directly.

Octavian sat in Rome, watching and waiting as he increased his power and building up a vast army and navy of his own.

Soon it was time for the war and the year was 31 BC. The two huge armies marched forth, one from Africa and the other from Rome. The battlefield was to be at Actium which lay on the west coast of Greece.

This was one of the decisive battles of history.



To Be Continued.....

READ: Part 7 Here

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